Staphylokinase Control of Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm Formation and Detachment Through Host Plasminogen Activation.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Kwiecinski J, Peetermans M, Liesenborghs L, Na M, Björnsdottir H, Zhu X, Jacobsson G, Johansson BR, Geoghegan JA, Foster TJ, Josefsson E, Bylund J, Verhamme P, Jin T, Staphylokinase Control of Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm Formation and Detachment Through Host Plasminogen Activation., The Journal of infectious diseases, 2015, 139-148
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Staphylococcus aureus biofilms, a leading cause of persistent infections, are highly resistant to immune defenses and antimicrobial therapies. In the present study, we investigated the contribution of fibrin and staphylokinase (Sak) to biofilm formation. In both clinical S. aureus isolates and laboratory strains, high Sak-producing strains formed less biofilm than strains that lacked Sak, suggesting that Sak prevents biofilm formation. In addition, Sak induced detachment of mature biofilms. This effect depended on plasminogen activation by Sak. Host-derived fibrin, the main substrate cleaved by Sak-activated plasminogen, was a major component of biofilm matrix, and dissolution of this fibrin scaffold greatly increased susceptibility of biofilms to antibiotics and neutrophil phagocytosis. Sak also attenuated biofilm-associated catheter infections in mouse models. In conclusion, our results reveal a novel role for Sak-induced plasminogen activation that prevents S. aureus biofilm formation and induces detachment of existing biofilms through proteolytic cleavage of biofilm matrix components.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:The Journal of infectious diseases
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:Staphylococcus aureus biofilms
Subject (TCD):Genes & Society , Immunology, Inflammation & Infection , Next Generation Medical Devices