Site specific inelasticity of arterial tissue.
Citation:Maher E, Early M, Creane A, Lally C, Kelly DJ, Site specific inelasticity of arterial tissue., Journal of biomechanics, 45, 8, 2012, 1393-1399
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Understanding the mechanical behaviour of arterial tissue is vital to the development and analysis of medical devices targeting diseased vessels. During angioplasty and stenting, stress softening and permanent deformation of the vessel wall occur during implantation of the device, however little data exists on the inelastic behaviour of cardiovascular tissue and how this varies through the arterial tree. The aim of this study was to characterise the magnitude of stress softening and inelastic deformations due to loading throughout the arterial tree and to investigate the anisotropic inelastic behaviour of the tissue. Cyclic compression tests were used to investigate the differences in inelastic behaviour for carotid, aorta, femoral and coronary arteries harvested from 3-4 month old female pigs, while the anisotropic behaviour of aortic and carotid tissue was determined using cyclic tensile tests in the longitudinal and circumferential directions. The differences in inelastic behaviour were correlated to the ratio of collagen to elastin content of the arteries. It was found that larger inelastic deformations occurred in muscular arteries (coronary), which had a higher collagen to elastin ratio than elastic arteries (aorta), where the smallest inelastic deformations were observed. Lower magnitude inelastic deformations were observed in the circumferential tensile direction than in the longitudinal tensile direction or due to radial compression. This may be as a result of non-collagenous components in the artery becoming more easily damaged than the collagen fibres during loading. Stress softening was also found to be dependent on artery type. In the future, computational models should consider such site dependant, anisotropic inelastic behaviour in order to better predict the outcomes of interventional procedures such as angioplasty and stenting.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Journal of biomechanics;
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:mechanical behaviour of arterial tissue