Folic acid fortification and public health: report on threshold doses above which unmetabolised folic acid appear in serum
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Mary Rose Sweeney, Joseph McPartlin, and John Scott, Folic acid fortification and public health: report on threshold doses above which unmetabolised folic acid appear in serum, BMC Public Health, 7, 41, 2007
Folic acid fortification and public health - report on threshold doses above which unmetabolised folic acid appear in serum.pdf (published (publisher copy) peer-reviewed) 275.5Kb
Background All flour in the USA is fortified with folic acid at a level of 140 ?g/100 g which is estimated to supply an extra 100 ?g daily to the average diet. Some researchers have advocated that this be increased to double and even four times this amount. Based on previous research these higher levels are likely to lead to the appearance of unmetabolised vitamin in the circulation, which may have safety implications for sub-groups of the population. The UK and the Republic of Ireland will likely introduce mandatory fortification also in the next year or so. The aim of this study was to capture the short-term effect of folic acid fortification on unmetabolised folic acid in serum after chronic consumption of folic acid. Methods After pre-saturation with 400 ?g folic acid supplements daily for 14-weeks, healthy folate replete adults (n = 20) consumed folic acid fortified bread, at three different levels (400 ?g, 200 ?g, 100 ?g) over a period of one week each. The dose was administered in two-equal sized slices consumed at 09.00 hrs and 13.00 hrs. Serum samples for total folate and folic acid were collected at baseline, after 14-weeks of supplementation, and pre and post (at 1, 2, 3 and 4 hours) each dose tested. Results Unmetabolised folic acid was detected after the 14-week supplementation period. Folic acid was not detected in either the 200 ?g or 100 ?g (current US regime) doses tested but was present at the highest level (400 ?g) tested. Conclusion Our findings suggest that persons exposed to the current US fortification programme supplying an average of 100 ?g per day or less are unlikely to have unmetabolised folic acid in serum. It also seems that daily consumption of the higher level of 200 ?g or less is unlikely to be problematic. Increasing the level however to 400 ?g on the other hand is likely to lead to unmetabolised folic acid appearance.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:BMC Public Health
Availability:Full text available