Effect of effortful swallow on pharyngeal pressures during swallowing in adults with dysphagia: A pharyngeal high-resolution manometry study
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Heslin, N. & Regan, J., Effect of effortful swallow on pharyngeal pressures during swallowing in adults with dysphagia: A pharyngeal high-resolution manometry study, International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 2021
Effect of Effortful Swallow on Pharyngeal Pressures Manuscript Draft.pdf (Accepted for publication (author's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 286.7Kb
Purpose: Evidence base to support use of the effortful swallow in clinical populations with dysphagia is currently lacking. This study aims to quantify the effects of effortful swallowing on pharyngeal swallowing biomechanics in adults with dysphagia using pharyngeal high-resolution manometry (PHRM). Method: ManoScan HRM equipment with a 4.2 mm pressure catheter was used. Participants completed duplicate 10ml baseline and 10ml effortful liquid (IDDSI Level 0) swallows in randomized order. PHRM data were analysed using a semi- automated online platform (www.swallowgateway.com). Result: Fifteen adults (8 males; range 45-86 years) with mixed aetiology dysphagia (Functional Oral Intake Scale Level 2-5) were included. Median pharyngeal contractile (156.81 mmHg cm s; IQR 80.62) increased significantly (213.50 mmHg cm s; IQR 117.2) during effortful swallowing (p = 0.002). Significant increases were also observed in velopharyngeal pressure (p = 0.001), mesopharyngeal pressure (p = 0.027), hypopharyngeal pressure (p = 0.003) and UOS relaxation duration (p = 0.002). UOS IRP was not significantly altered with effortful swallowing (p = 0.233). Conclusion: Effortful swallowing induced significant biomechanical changes to swallowing in adults with dysphagia. Increases in global pharyngeal rigor, tongue base pressure and UOS opening duration were captured by PHRM during effortful swallowing. Further investigation in larger homogeneous clinical populations is needed to verify the physiological effects of this frequently employed intervention.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;
Availability:Full text available