Matrix metalloproteinase-9 modulates intestinal injury in rats with transmural colitis.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Medina, C., Santana, A., Paz, M.C., Diaz, F., Farre, E., Salas, A., Radomski, M.W., Quintero, E., Matrix metalloproteinase-9 modulates intestinal injury in rats with transmural colitis., Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 79, 2006, 954, 962
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Proteolysis and degradation of extracellular matrix by metalloproteinases (MMPs) may contribute to intestinal injury in inflammatory bowel disease. In the present study, we investigated the pathogenic role of gelatinases (MMP-9 and MMP-2) on transmural colonic injury in a rat model of chronic colitis, which was induced by intracolonic instillation of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). The activity and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were measured in colonic tissue and peripheral neutrophils by fluorescence, zymography, Western blot, or immunohistochemistry at different time-points. Furthermore, myeloperoxidase content in colonic homogenates was analyzed to evaluate inflammation. Finally, morphological changes were assessed following early or delayed administration of CGS-27023-A, a synthetic inhibitor of MMPs. We found that the induction of colitis led to a significant up-regulation in tissue gelatinase concentration, whereas no changes in collagenase activity were observed. In addition, up-regulation of pro-MMP-9, but not of pro-MMP-2, was found on Days 7 and 10 following the induction of colitis. Furthermore, transmural MMP-9 was detected by immunofluorescent staining in the inflamed tissue. Consistent with tissue samples, neutrophils from colitic rats showed a significantly increased activity of pro-MMP-9. Finally, early but not delayed treatment with CGS-27023-A attenuated colonic mucosal injury in rats with TNBS-induced colitis. In conclusion, up-regulation of MMP-9 in peripheral and colonic neutrophils modulates transmural colonic injury in rats with TNBS-induced colitis.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Journal of Leukocyte Biology;
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:inflammatory bowel disease