Daily life impairments associated with childhood/adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder as recalled by adults: results from the European Lifetime Impairment Survey.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Caci H, Asherson P, Donfrancesco R, Faraone SV, Hervas A, Fitzgerald M, Döpfner M, Daily life impairments associated with childhood/adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder as recalled by adults: results from the European Lifetime Impairment Survey., CNS spectrums, 2014, 1 - 10
(248) PMID: 24571924 ABSTRACT: Introduction The Lifetime Impairment Survey, conducted in Europe, assessed impairment and symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood, and experiences of ADHD diagnosis and treatment, as recalled by adults. Adults with ADHD and without ADHD (control group) were invited to participate in an internet-based survey and report on their childhood experiences. History of ADHD diagnosis was self-reported. Groups were compared using impairment and symptom scales. Overall, 588 adults with ADHD and 736 without ADHD participated. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) age at diagnosis of ADHD was 20.0 (12.6) years (median 18.0) following consultation with 3.8 (5.1) doctors (median 2) over 44.6 (69.3) months (median 17.0). A total of 64.1% (377/588) of adults with ADHD reported frustration or difficulties during the diagnostic process. The ADHD group had a higher mean (SD) score versus control for general (3.3 [1.2] vs 2.1 [1.2]; p < 0.001) and school impairment (2.8 [0.7] vs 2.3 [0.6]; p < 0.001) but not home impairment (2.1 [0.5] for both groups). Discussion The survey demonstrated that ADHD had a negative impact on all aspects of childhood investigated, as recalled by adults. These data provide insights into childhood impairments and identify areas for improvement in the management and treatment of ADHD.
Author: FITZGERALD, MICHAEL
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:CNS spectrums
Availability:Full text available
Subject (TCD):Neuroscience , ADD/ADHD , ADD/ADHD , ADHD , ADHD , ADHD Lifetime Impairment Survey , ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) , Adolescent Psychiatry , Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) , CHILD PSYCHIATRY , COMMUNITY PSYCHIATRY , CONSULTATION LIAISON PSYCHIATRY , CONSULTATION-LIAISON PSYCHIATRY , DISORDER ADHD , GENERAL HOSPITAL PSYCHIATRY , LIAISON PSYCHIATRY , LIFETIME , LIFETIMES , Neuropsychiatry , Neuropsychiatry , PSYCHIATRY , Psychiatry , Psychiatry , SURVEY , SURVEY DATA , SURVEY RESEARCH , TRAINEES IN PSYCHIATRY , child and adolescent Psychiatry , neurodevelopmental psychiatry