Neuromedin U alters bioenergetics and expands the cancer stem cell phenotype in HER2-positive breast cancer
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Martinez, V.G., Crown, J., Porter, R.K., O'Driscoll, L., Neuromedin U alters bioenergetics and expands the cancer stem cell phenotype in HER2-positive breast cancer, International Journal of Cancer, 140, 12, 2017, 2771 - 2784
Neuromedin U (NmU) is a neuropeptide belonging to the neuromedin family. Recently, we reported a significant association between NmU and breast cancer, particularly correlating with increased aggressiveness, resistance to HER2‐targeted therapies and overall significantly poorer outcome for patients, although the mechanism through which it exerts this effect remained unexplained. Investigating this, here we found that ectopic over‐expression of NmU in HER2‐positive breast cancer cells induced aberrant metabolism, with increased glycolysis, likely due to enhanced pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase activity. Similar results were observed in HER2‐targeted drug‐resistant cell variants, which we had previously shown to display increased levels of NmU. Overexpression of NmU also resulted in upregulation of epithelial‐mesenchymal transition markers and increased IL‐6 secretion which, together with aberrant metabolism, have all been associated with the cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype. Flow cytometry experiments confirmed that NmU‐overexpressing and HER2‐targeted drug‐resistant cells showed an increased proportion of cells with CSC phenotype (CD44+/CD24–). Taken together, our results report a new mechanism of action for NmU in HER2‐overexpressing breast cancer that enhances resistance to HER2‐targeted drugs through conferring CSC characteristics and expansion of the CSC phenotype.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:International Journal of Cancer;
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:Neuromedin U, Master regulator, Drug-resistance, Bioenergetics, Cancer stem cell phenotype