Fatty acids and epithelial permeability: effect of conjugated linoleic acid in Caco-2 cells
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:H. M. Roche, A. M. Terres, I. B. Black, M. J. Gibney and D. Kelleher `Fatty acids and epithelial permeability: effect of conjugated linoleic acid in Caco-2 cells? in Gut, 48, (6), 2001, pp 797-802
Fatty acids and epithelial permeability - effect of conjugated linoleic acid in Caco-2 cells.pdf (published (publisher copy) peer-reviewed) 233.2Kb
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a collective term referring to the positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid. This novel fatty acid has been shown to have a number of beneficial actions, including immunomodulatory, anticarcinogenic, and antiatherogenic effects. Tight junctions of epithelial cells determine epithelial membrane integrity and selective paracellular permeability to ions and macromolecules. Occludin and ZO-1 are integral structural components of the tight junction, which are involved in the biogenesis and functional integrity of the epithelial monolayer. This study investigated the effects of two isomers of CLA (cis-9 and trans-10 isomers) on Caco-2 cell transepithelial resistance (TER) development, paracellular epithelial permeability, and occludin and ZO-1 expression. Caco-2 cells were grown in media supplemented with 0.05 mM linoleic acid, cis-9 CLA, or trans-10 CLA for 21 days. The trans-10 CLA isomer delayed Caco-2 cell TER development, which is an in vitro measure of epithelial cell integrity, and increased paracellular epithelial permeability. Immunofluorescent staining of Caco-2 cell epithelial monolayers grown in media supplemented trans-10 CLA showed that the trans-10 CLA isomer altered distribution of occludin and ZO-1. The trans-10 CLA isomer delayed the acquisition of transepithelial resistance and altered the cellular distribution of occludin, which have important implications in relation to epithelial permeability.
Author: KELLEHER, DERMOT P
Type of material:Journal Article
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