Perceived Audio Quality for Streaming Stereo Music.
Item Type:Conference Paper
Citation:Hines, A., Gillen, E., Skoglund, J., Kelly, D., Kokaram A. & Harte, N. Perceived Audio Quality for Streaming Stereo Music. ACM Multimedia, Orlando, FL, USA, 2014, 1173 - 1176
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Users of audio-visual streaming services expect an ever increasing quality of experience. Channel bandwidth remains a bottleneck commonly addressed with lossy compression schemes for both the video and audio streams. Anecdotal evidence suggests a strongly perceived link between bit rate and quality. This paper presents three audio quality listening experiments using the ITU MUSHRA methodology to assess a number of audio codecs typically used by streaming services. They were assessed for a range of bit rates using three presentation modes: consumer and studio quality headphones and loudspeakers. Our results indicate that with consumer quality headphones, listeners were not differentiating between codecs with bit rates greater than 48 kb/s (p>=0.228). For studio quality headphones and loudspeakers aac-lc at 128 kb/s and higher was differentiated over other codecs (p<=0.001). The results provide insights into quality of experience that will guide future development of objective audio quality metrics.
Other Titles:ACM Multimedia
Type of material:Conference Paper
Availability:Full text available