|dc.identifier.citation||Luca Teriaca, Vincenzo Andretta, Frederic Auchere, Charles M. Brown, Eric Buchlin, Gianna Cauzzi, J. Len Culhane, Werner Curdt, Joseph M. Davila, Giulio Del Zanna, George A. Doschek, Silvano Fineschi, Andrzej Fludra, Peter T. Gallagher, Lucie Green, Louise K. Harra, Shinsuke Imada, Davina Innes, Bernhard Kliem, Clarence Korendyke, John T. Mariska, Valentin Martinez-Pillet, Susanna Parenti, Spiros Patsourakos, Hardi Peter, Luca Poletto, Rob Rutten, Udo Schuhle, Martin Siemer, Toshifumi Shimizu, Hector Socas-Navarro, Sami K. Solanki, Daniele Spadaro, Javier Trujillo-Bueno, Saku Tsuneta, Santiago Vargas Dominguez, Jean-Claude Vial, Robert Walsh, Harry P. Warren, Thomas Wiegelmann, Berend Winter, Peter Young, LEMUR: Large European Module for solar Ultraviolet Research. European contribution to JAXA's Solar-C mission, Experimental Astronomy, 34, 2, 2012, 273-309||en
|dc.description.abstract||Understanding the solar outer atmosphere requires concerted, simultaneous solar observations from the visible to the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft X-rays, at high spatial resolution (between 0.1" and 0.3"), at high temporal resolution (on the order of 10 s, i.e., the time scale of chromospheric dynamics), with a wide temperature coverage (0.01 MK to 20 MK, from the chromosphere to the flaring corona), and the capability of measuring magnetic fields through spectropolarimetry at visible and near-infrared wavelengths. Simultaneous spectroscopic measurements sampling the entire temperature range are particularly important.
These requirements are fulfilled by the Japanese Solar-C mission (Plan B), composed of a spacecraft in a geosynchronous orbit with a payload providing a significant improvement of imaging and spectropolarimetric capabilities in the UV, visible, and near-infrared with respect to what is available today and foreseen in the near future.
The Large European Module for solar Ultraviolet Research (LEMUR), described in this paper, is a large VUV telescope feeding a scientific payload of high-resolution imaging spectrographs and cameras. LEMUR consists of two major components: a VUV solar telescope with a 30 cm diameter mirror and a focal length of 3.6 m, and a focal-plane package composed of VUV spectrometers covering six carefully chosen wavelength ranges between 17 and 127 nm. The LEMUR slit covers 280" on the Sun with 0.14" per pixel sampling. In addition, LEMUR is capable of measuring mass flows velocities (line shifts) down to 2 km/s or better.
LEMUR has been proposed to ESA as the European contribution to the Solar C mission.||en