NF-?B regulation: The nuclear response
KELLEHER, DERMOT P
MC MANUS, ROSS
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Citation:Mankan, A.K., Lawless, M.W., Gray, S.G., Kelleher, D., McManus, R., NF-?B regulation: The nuclear response , Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, 13, 4, 2009, 631-643
Nuclear factor ?B (NF-?B) is an inducible transcription factor that tightly regulates the expression of a large cohort of genes. As a key component of the cellular machinery NF-?B is involved in a wide range of biological processes including innate and adaptive immunity, inflammation, cellular stress responses, cell adhesion, apoptosis and proliferation. Appropriate regulation of NF-?B is critical for the proper function and survival of the cell. Aberrant NF-?B activity has now been implicated in the pathogenesis of several diseases ranging from inflammatory bowel disease to autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Systems governing NF-?B activity are complex and there is an increased understanding of the importance of nuclear events in regulating NF-?B's activities as a transcription factor. A number of novel nuclear regulators of NF-?B such asI?B-? and PDZ and LIM domain 2 (PDLIM2) have now been identified, adding another layer to the mechanics of NF-?B regulation. Further insight into the functions of these molecules raises the prospect for better understanding and rational design of therapeutics for several important diseases.
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Series/Report no:Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine;