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Now showing items 1-20 of 54

  • Assessing the impact of biodiversity on tourism flows : a model for tourist behaviour and its policy implications 

    Macagno, Giulia; Loureiro, Maria; Nunes, Paulo; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic and Social Research Institute, 18/02/2009)
    This analysis provides an example of how biodiversity can be measured by means of different indicators, and how the latter can be used to assess the influence of the biodiversity profile of a region on the tourism flows ...
  • Checking the Price Tag on Catastrophe: The Social Cost of Carbon Under Non-linear Climate Response 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-06-29)
    Research into the social cost of carbon emissions ? the marginal social damage from a tonne of emitted carbon ? has tended to focus on ?best guess? scenarios. Such scenarios generally ignore the potential for low-probability, ...
  • The Climate Change Response Bill 2010: An Assessment 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J.; GORECKI, PAUL K. (ESRI, 2011-01-25)
    Climate change is an important problem. It would be desirable to have legislation that would put Ireland on a low-cost and equitable trajectory to a zero-carbon economy. The draft Climate Change Response Bill 2010 will not ...
  • Climate feedbacks on the terrestrial biosphere and the economics of climate policy : an application of Fund 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic and Social Research Institute, 14/04/2009)
    Previous versions of the FUND model assumed, like many integrated assessment models, that the carbon cycle is independent of climate change. I here introduce a feedback through which warming leads to higher net emissions. ...
  • Climate Policy Under Fat-Tailed Risk: An Application of Dice 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    Uncertainty plays a significant role in evaluating climate policy, and fat-tailed uncertainty may dominate policy advice. Should we make our utmost effort to prevent the arbitrarily large impacts of climate change under ...
  • Climate Policy Under Fat-Tailed Risk: An Application of Dice 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    Uncertainty plays a significant role in evaluating climate policy, and fat-tailed uncertainty may dominate policy advice. Should we make our utmost effort to prevent the arbitrarily large impacts of climate change under ...
  • The Cost of Natural Gas Shortages in Ireland 

    LEAHY, EIMEAR; TOL, RICHARD S. J.; LYONS, SEAN (ESRI, 2011-08-04)
    This paper investigates the economic implications of disruptions of one to ninety days to the supply of natural gas in Ireland. We assess the impact of a hypothetical gas supply disruption in both winter and summer in 2008 ...
  • A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the EU 20/20/2020 Package 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    The European Commission did not publish a cost-benefit analysis for its 2020 climate package. This paper fills that gap, comparing the marginal costs and benefits of greenhouse gas emission reduction. The uncertainty about ...
  • A Critique of The Economics of Climate Change in Mexico 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-09-20)
    This paper revises some relevant aspects of The Economics of Climate Change in Mexico (ECCM), one of the most important documents for supporting national decisionmaking regarding the climate change international negotiations. ...
  • Decomposition of Sectoral Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Subsystem Input-Output Model for the Republic of Ireland 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (2011)
    The analysis of gas emissions by an input-output subsystem approach provides detailed insights into pollution generation in an economy by revealing the channels by which the environmental burdens are caused and transmitted ...
  • Determinants of Vegetarianism and Partial Vegetarianism in Ireland 

    LEAHY, EIMEAR; TOL, RICHARD S. J.; LYONS, SEAN (ESRI, 2011-01-07)
    Vegetarianism is increasing in the western world. Anecdotally, this trend can be attributed to heightened health, environmental and animal welfare concerns. In this paper we investigate the factors associated with vegetarianism ...
  • Determinants of Vegetarianism and Partial Vegetarianism in the United Kingdom 

    LEAHY, EIMEAR; TOL, RICHARD S. J.; LYONS, SEAN (ESRI, 2010-10-29)
    Vegetarianism is increasing in the western world. Anecdotally, this trend can be attributed to heightened health, environmental and animal welfare concerns. In this paper we investigate the factors associated with vegetarianism ...
  • Discounting for climate change 

    Anthoff, David; Yohe, Gary W.; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic and Social Research Institute, 27/01/2009)
    It is well-known that the discount rate is crucially important for estimating the social cost of carbon, a standard indicator for the seriousness of climate change and desirable level of climate policy. The Ramsey equation ...
  • The distributional effects of Value Added Tax in Ireland 

    Leahy, Eimear; Lyons, Sean; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic & Social Research InstituteDublin, 2011)
    In this paper we examine the distributional effects of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Ireland. Using the 2004/2005 Household Budget Survey, we assess the amount of VAT that households pay as a proportion of weekly disposable ...
  • The Distributional Effects of Value Added Tax in Ireland 

    LEAHY, EIMEAR; LYONS, SE?N; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    In this paper we examine the distributional effects of Value Added Tax (VAT) in Ireland. Using the 2004/2005 Household Budget Survey, we assess the amount of VAT that households pay as a proportion of weekly disposable ...
  • The distributional impact of a carbon tax in Ireland 

    Verde, Stefano F.; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic & Social Research InstituteDublin, 2009)
    We study the effects of carbon taxation and revenue recycling across the income distribution in Ireland. Price changes of fuels and all other final goods and services are taken into account. If applied only to the emissions ...
  • Does the housing market reflect cultural heritage? A case study of Greater Dublin 

    MAYOR, KAREN; LYONS, SE?N; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    Does the housing market reflect cultural heritage? We estimate several specifications of a hedonic price equation to establish whether distance to cultural heritage site is capitalised into housing prices in Greater Dublin, ...
  • Economic costs of extratropical storms under climate change : an application of FUND 

    Narita, Daiju; Anthoff, David; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic and Social Research Institute, 13/01/2009)
    Extratropical cyclones have attracted some attention in climate policy circles as a possible significant damage factor of climate change. This study conducts an assessment of economic impacts of increased storm activities ...
  • Economic Costs of Ocean Acidification: A Look into the Impacts on Shellfish Production 

    DAIJU, NARITA; REHDANZ, KATRIN; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-06-15)
    Ocean acidification is increasingly recognized as a major global problem. Yet economic assessments of its effects are currently almost absent. Unlike most other marine organisms, mollusks, which have significant commercial ...
  • The Economic Impact of Climate Change in the 20th Century 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-02-22)
    The national version of FUND3.6 is used to infrapolate the impacts of climate change to the 20th century. Carbon dioxide fertilization of crops and reduced energy demand for heating are the main positive impacts. Climate ...