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Now showing items 21-40 of 42

  • The Impact of Climate on Tourist Destination Choice 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J.; Walsh, Sharon (ESRI, 2012-02-20)
    We examine the determinants of holiday destination choice for tourists from 182 countries over a fifteen year time period. Our sample is much larger than that used by previous studies. The results are similar. Tourists ...
  • The Impact of government policy on private car ownership in Ireland 

    Hennessy, Hugh; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Economic & Social Research Institute, Dublin, 2011)
    We construct a model of the stock of private cars in the Republic of Ireland. The model distinguishes cars by fuel, engine size and age. The modelled car stock is built up from a long history of data on sales, and calibrated ...
  • Local Warming, Local Economic Growth, and Local Change in Democratic Culture 

    Van de Vliert, Evert; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    In a 104-nation study we first demonstrate that cultural self-expression, individualism and democracy languish in poor countries with colder-than-temperate winters, but flourish in rich countries with such winters. Mild ...
  • The Marginal Damage Costs of Different Greenhouse Gases: An Application of FUND 

    Anthoff, David; Rose, Steven K.; Waldhoff, Stephanie; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    We use FUND 3.5 to estimate the social cost of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and sulphur hexafluoride emissions. We show the results of a range of sensitivity analyses, focusing on the impact of carbon dioxide ...
  • Modified Ramsey Discounting for Climate Change 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    The Ramsey rule for the consumption rate of discount assumes a transfer of money of a (representative) agent at one point in time to the same agent at another point in time. Climate policy (implicitly) transfers money not ...
  • The Potential for Segmentation of the Retail Market for Electricity in Ireland 

    HYLAND, MARIE; LEAHY, EIMEAR; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2012-04-26)
    We estimate the gross margin that is earned from the supply of electricity to households in Ireland. Using half hourly electricity demand data, the system marginal price (also called the wholesale price) and the retail ...
  • Poverty Traps and Climate Change 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-11-09)
    We use a demo-economic model to examine the question of whether climate change could widen or deepen poverty traps. The model includes two crucial mechanisms. Parents are risk averse when deciding how many children to have; ...
  • Public Policy Towards the Sale of State Assets in Troubled Times: Lessons from the Irish Experience 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J.; GORECKI, PAUL K.; LYONS, SEAN (ESRI, 2010-10-10)
    Governments throughout the western world and beyond are in the midst of a severe financial crisis and emerging from a sharp recession. Ireland is no exception. One of the options for strengthening public finances is the ...
  • Regional and Sectoral Estimates of the Social Cost of Carbon: An Application of FUND 

    Anthoff, David; Rose, Steven K.; Waldhoff, Stephanie; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    The social cost of carbon is an estimate of the benefit of reducing CO2 emissions by one ton today. As such it is a key input into cost-benefit analysis of climate policy and regulation. We provide a set of new estimates ...
  • The Research Output of Business Schools and Business Scholars in Ireland 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2010)
    The research performance of business scholars on the island of Ireland is evaluated based on their number of publication, number of citations, h-index and the same divided by the numbers of years since the first publication. ...
  • Schelling's Conjecture on Climate and Development: A Test 

    ANTHOFF, DAVID; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-06-10)
    We use the integrated assessment model FUND to compute the income elasticities of climate change impacts for different world regions over time. We find limited support for Schelling?s Conjecture that development might be ...
  • Shapley Values for Assessing Research Production and Impact of Schools and Scholars 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    Performance measures of individual scholars tend to ignore the context. I introduce contextualised metrics: cardinal and ordinal pseudo-Shapley values that measure a scholar??s contribution to (perhaps power over) her own ...
  • Simulating Demand for Electrical Vehicles using Revealed Preference Data 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J.; LYONS, SEAN; DRISCOLL, AINE (ESRI, 2012-05-28)
    We have modelled the market for new cars in Ireland with the aim of quantifying the values placed on a range of observable car characteristics. Mid-sized petrol cars with a manual transmission sell best. Price and perhaps ...
  • The Social Cost of Carbon 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-02-28)
    This paper surveys the literature on the economic impact of climate change. Different methods have been used to estimate the impact of climate change on human welfare. Studies agree that there are positive and negative ...
  • Socioeconomic Distribution of Emissions and Resource Use in Ireland 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J.; LYONS, SEAN (ESRI, 2012-03-01)
    This paper uses the ESRI's ISus model to explore the distributional differences in emissions by household type. Most greenhouse gas and metal emissions are emitted via indirect means, although direct sources of emissions ...
  • The Time Evolution of the Social Cost of Carbon: An Application of FUND 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011-09-05)
    We estimate the growth rate of the social cost of carbon. This is an indication of the optimal rate of acceleration of greenhouse gas emission reduction policy over time. We find that the social cost of carbon increases ...
  • Towards regional environmental accounts for Ireland 

    Commins, Nicola; Crilly, Niamh; Lyons, Sean; Morgenroth, Edgar; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, 2009)
    Existing environmental accounts for the Republic of Ireland are at the national level. This is fine for continental and global environmental problems, but information at a finer spatial scale is needed for local environmental ...
  • Trade Liberalisation and Climate Change: A CGE Analysis of the Impacts on Global Agriculture 

    Calzadilla, Alvaro; Rehdan, Katrin; TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2011)
    Based on predicted changes in the magnitude and distribution of global precipitation, temperature and river flow under the IPCC SRES A1B and A2 scenarios, this study assesses the potential impacts of climate change and CO2 ...
  • Trends in Air Pollution in Ireland: A Decomposition Analysis 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J. (ESRI, 2012-02-13)
    Trends in the emissions to air of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and ammonia in Ireland are analysed with a logarithmic mean Divisia index decomposition for the period of ...
  • UK Tourists, The Great Recession and Irish Tourism Policy 

    TOL, RICHARD S. J.; CALLAGHAN, NIAMH (ESRI, 2011-10-27)
    Inbound tourism to Ireland fell sharply in 2009 and 2010. Visits to Ireland from the UK, the dominant country of origin of visitors to Ireland, did not fall faster than UK visits elsewhere. We use micro-data for UK travellers ...