Bailey, William F. 'The Ulster tenant-right custom: its origin, characteristic and position under the Land Acts'. - Dublin: Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland,Vol. X Part. LXXIV, 1893/1894, pp12-22
Journal of The Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland Vol. X Part LXXIV 1893/1894
Few subjects connected with Irish land have been the cause of
more discussion than the Tenant-right Custom of Ulster. For many
years before 1870 a controversy was carried on with respect to the
attributes of the custom, and whether it possessed sufficiently definite
characteristics to warrant its statutory sanction.
As everybody knows, Parliament, by the Land Act of 1870, ended the controversy by legalising the custom,
and any discussion that has since taken place has mainly been concerned with the interpretation of the governing statutes.
The Land Act of 1881 gave the rights
of " free sale" and " fixity of tenure', which the Ulster Custom, to a
certain extent secured, to the agricultural tenants of all Ireland, and
added the right to a " fair rent" which the Custom claimed, but had
hitherto no satisfactory method of enforcing. It would be a mistake,
however, to think that the existing Irish Land Code has obviated
the necessity for preserving the Ulster Custom.
Accordingly, to understand it aright and to give a proper
interpretation to the statutes affecting it, we must make ourselves
acquainted with its history and its attributes.
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