Whelan, Christopher T.; Nolan, Brain; Maitre, Bertrand. 'Trends in economic vulnerability in the Republic of Ireland'. - Economic & Social Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, Spring, 2006, pp. 91-119, Dublin: Economic & Social Research Institute
In this paper we evaluate trends in levels of economic vulnerability in Ireland during the period 1994-2001. We also document changes in the consequences of such vulnerability for social exclusion and in the social demographic factors with which it is associated. Over time there was a sharp decline in economic vulnerability. Furthermore, the degree of differentiation between the vulnerable and non-vulnerable classes in relation to both economic exclusion and social exclusion, more broadly conceived, remained relatively constant. Ireland is characterised by levels of socioeconomic inequality that place it at the more unequal end of the European spectrum. However, the dramatic reductions in levels of vulnerability across the socio-economic spectrum demonstrate that the fruits of the economic boom have been distributed relatively widely.
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