Mannan, H., Amin M. & MacLachlan M. with El Tayeb, S., El Khatim, A., Bedri, N., McVeigh, J., Swartz, L., Munthali, A., Van Rooy, G., Eide, A., Schneider M., The EquiFrame Manual: A tool for Evaluating and Promoting the Inclusion of Vulnerable Groups and Core Concepts of Human Rights in Health Policy Documents, Dublin, The Global Health Press, 2011
The purpose of this manual is to outline an analytical framework for assessing the degree to which social
inclusion and human rights feature in policy and policy-related documents. The framework was developed
with regard to health policy documents with the motivation to contribute to enhancing equity in healthcare.
In its current form it is directed towards health policy-oriented researchers and policy-makers. It is hoped
that this framework can be used to support the systematic review of the content of health policies, as well as
being a means of facilitating greater social inclusion and human rights in the revision of existing policies and
the development of new policies.
EquiFrame identifies the degree of commitment of a given policy to specified Vulnerable Groups and to Core
Concepts of Human Rights. We see social inclusion and human rights as key components of equity in the
context of service provision. We hope that health policies, that inculcate the values and importance of
equity, are more likely to result in health services being more justly distributed across the population. This
means, in accordance with the World Health Organization (2008), that priority is given to vulnerable groups
as healthcare, founded on equity, contributes to the empowerment and social inclusion of such groups.
While we do not claim that this manual sets out a definitive approach to the complex concepts and issues it
addresses, it is hoped that it does provide a useful step towards health policies more effectively addressing
equity, social inclusion and human rights. We also recognise that policy development and policy
implementation are critical determinants of the effectiveness policy content: EquiFrame has been developed
very deliberately to focus on the assessment of “policy on the books”. It is not an alternative but, hopefully,
it is complementary to, the related and complex processes involved in assessing the development,
implementation and evaluation of policy.
We would welcome, very much, ideas for the improvement and the development of EquiFrame, and offer
this tool, fee-to-download, without copyright restriction. We will also provide annual revisions and updates,
available on the same bases, which may be downloaded from EquitAble partner websites (including
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