Mayer C, Adler L, Armbruster WS, Dafni A, Eardley C, Huang S-Q, Kevan PG, Ollerton J, Packer L, Ssymank A, Stout JC, Potts SG, Pollination ecology in the 21st century: Key Questions for future research, Journal of Pollination Ecology, 3, 2011, 8 - 23
Journal of Pollination Ecology 3
To inspire new ideas in research on pollination ecology, we list the most important unanswered
questions in the field. This list was drawn up by contacting 170 scientists from different areas of pollination ecology
and asking them to contribute their opinion on the greatest knowledge gaps that need to be addressed. Almost 40%
of them took part in our email poll and we received more than 650 questions and comments, which we classified
into different categories representing various aspects of pollination research. The original questions were merged and
synthesised, and a final vote and ranking led to the resultant list. The categories cover plant sexual reproduction,
pollen and stigma biology, abiotic pollination, evolution of animal-mediated pollination, interactions of pollinators
and floral antagonists, pollinator behaviour, taxonomy, plant-pollinator assemblages, geographical trends in diversity,
drivers of pollinator loss, ecosystem services, management of pollination, and conservation issues such as the
implementation of pollinator conservation. We focused on questions that were of a broad scope rather than casespecific; thus, addressing some questions may not be feasible within single research projects but constitute a general
guide for future directions. With this compilation we hope to raise awareness of pollination-related topics not only
among researchers but also among non-specialists including policy makers, funding agencies and the public at large.
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