Freeman, T.W. 'Migration movements and the distribution of population in Éire'. - Dublin: Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland,Vol. XVI part 2, 1938/1939, pp89-104
Journal of The Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland Vol. XVI part 2 1938/1939
The present paper deals only with the Twenty-Six Counties (forming
Éire) and the exclusion of Northern Ireland makes the picture given in
some ways incomplete. This limitation may not be such a serious
defect, for the greater industrial development of the North alters the
nature of population problems to a considerable degree. The real
interest in Éire lies in the adjustment of a population primarily
engaged in agricultural occupations to the opportunities of gaining a
better livelihood elsewhere. During the past hundred years two
primary conditions favourable for a migration movement have been
present at the same time, a low standard of living in the country of
emigration and more attractive conditions in various countries of
immigration. In the past few years internal migration has been given,
an added stimulus by the industrial developments within Éire. The
present discussion of the problem, while taking into account the past
history of migration, will be mainly concerned with the movements of
the past few years. Migration movements react very quickly to
changing economic and social conditions. The economic slump in the
United States reinforced the stream of Irish emigration into Great
Britain and the recognition by Australia and Canada that they could
no longer absorb large numbers of additional settlers had the same
effect. Inter-continental emigration is, therefore, no longer important
and a return movement is in progress. Emigration to Great Britain
and internal migration are now in the forefront of the picture.
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