Horgan, J. J. 'The port of Cork'. - Dublin: Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland,Vol. XVIX, 1955/1956, pp42-57
Journal of The Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland Vol. XVIX, 1955/1956
The early importance of the Port of Cork is proved by the Charter granted by Henry VII in the year 1500 under which the Mayor of Cork was given jurisdiction over its waters. From this Grant arose the
quaint and ancient custom of “Throwing the Dart”, in discharge of which until recently (1917) the Lord Mayor of Cork, like the Doge of Venice, asserted his authority by proceeding every three years to
a point outside the harbour entrance which marked the limit of his rule and there with due pomp and ceremony cast a dart into the sea. The subsequent growth of the port was retarded by wars and economic restrictions, but the slow and steady revival of the country's economic life during the 18th and 19th centuries were reflected in its progressive development. Situated almost in the centre of the Southern seaboard, facing south to the Atlantic within easy reach of the Southern and Western ports of England, its fine natural harbour became an important port of call for Atlantic shipping and the natural exit for our Southern agricultural exports. In 1838 the Sinus sailing from Cork Harbour under the command of a Corkman, Captain Roberts, made the historic first west-bound steamship crossing of the Atlantic in the then record time of seventeen days.
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