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Title: Magnetic interaction of Co ions near the {10\bar{1}0} ZnO surface
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Keywords: Condensed matter physics
Co-doped ZnO
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Thomas Archer, Chaitanya Das Pemmaraju and Stefano Sanvito, Magnetic interaction of Co ions near the {10\bar{1}0} ZnO surface, New Journal of Physics, 12, 2010, 083061
Series/Report no.: New Journal of Physics
Abstract: Co-doped ZnO is the prototypical dilute magnetic oxide showing many of the characteristics of ferromagnetism. The microscopic origin of the long range order however remains elusive, since the conventional mechanisms for the magnetic interaction, such as super-exchange and double exchange, fail either at the fundamental or at a quantitative level. Intriguingly, there is a growing evidence that defects both in point-like or extended form play a fundamental role in driving the magnetic order. Here we explore one of such possibilities by performing {\it ab initio} density functional theory calculations for the magnetic interaction of Co ions at or near a ZnO \{10$\bar{1}$0\} surface. We find that extended surface states can hybridize with the $e$-levels of Co and efficiently mediate the magnetic order, although such a mechanism is effective only for ions placed in the first few atomic planes near the surface. We also find that the magnetic anisotropy changes at the surface from an hard-axis easy-plane to an easy axis, with an associated increase of its magnitude. We then conclude that clusters with high densities of surfacial Co ions may display blocking temperatures much higher than in the bulk.
Description: PUBLISHED
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Access: OpenAccess
Appears in Collections:Physics (Scholarly Publications)

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