William Lyons, Conscience - an essay in moral psychology, Philosophy, 84, 4, 2009, 477-494
Philosophy 84 4
The ultimate aim of this essay is to suggest that conscience is a very important part of
human psychology and of our moral point of view, not something that can be dismissed
as merely ‘a part of Christian theology’. The essay begins with discussions
of what might be regarded as the two most influential functional models of conscience,
the classical Christian account of conscience and the Freudian account of
conscience. Then, using some insights from these models, and from some
comparatively recent work in psychology and especially psychiatry, the author
argues for a quite different model of conscience that might be called the personal
integrity account of conscience.
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