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Title: Charge freezing and surface anisotropy on magnetite (100)
Sponsor: Science Foundation Ireland
Author's Homepage:
Keywords: Atomic, molecular and chemical physics
Scanning tunneling microscope
Surface magnetism
Issue Date: 1993
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Citation: J M D Coey and I V Shvets, R Wiesendanger and H-J Güntherodt, Charge freezing and surface anisotropy on magnetite (100), Journal of Applied Physics, 73, 10, 1993, 6742 - 6744
Series/Report no.: Journal of Applied Physics;
Abstract: Scanning tunneling microscope images of the (100) surface of slightly nonstoichiometric magnetite taken at room temperature show static arrays of pairs of Fe2+ ions with short‐range order, and a charge fluctuation time greater than 103 s. The surface appears to be a Wigner glass with electron pairs localized on adjacent ions as the basic unit. The explanation of Wigner localization at room temperature on the surface only is that the spin‐polarized minority‐spin band derived from dyz orbitals is stabilized and narrowed by the absence of an apicial oxygen from the B‐site octahedron. This leads to surface anisotropy where the Fe2+ spins are pinned normal to the {100} surfaces. Surface anisotropy is expected to outweigh bulk anisotropy in submicron particles.
Description: PUBLISHED
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Appears in Collections:Physics (Scholarly Publications)

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