Yan Zhou, Ho-Kei Chan, Chi-Hang Lam & Franklin G. Shin, Mechanisms of Imprint Effect on Ferroelectric Thin Films, Journal of Applied Physics, 98, 2, 2005, 024111-1 - 024111-9
Journal of Applied Physics 98 2
We have developed a single/double layer model to explain horizontal shifting of measured D-E hysteresis loops (imprint) for ferroelectric thin films. Such phenomenon can be explained by considering three mechanisms or their multiple effects: (1) stress induced by film/electrode lattice mismatch or clamping, (2) domain pinning induced by, e.g., oxygen vacancies, or (3) degradation of ferroelectric properties in film/electrode surface layers. First, it is found that hysteresis loops under the influence of stress exhibit large horizontal shifts with magnitudes comparable to those observed in experiments. Second, a pseudo-non-switching layer with a large coercive field is assumed to be present at the film/electrode interface in an otherwise homogeneous ferroelectric thin film, and in this case our simulation also shows a large imprint effect. Third, it is also found that time-dependent space-charge-limited conduction is likely to be one origin for the occurrence of imprint.
PUBLISHED This paper shows that the time-dependent space-charge-limited conduction model developed originally for the study of polarization offsets in compositionally graded ferroelectrics can also be applied to understand the mechanism of imprint effects in homogeneous ferroelectric films.
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