bully; victim; school legislation; anti-bullying; education; Northern Ireland
National Foundation for Educational Research
Mc Guckin, Conor; Lewis, Christopher Alan ‘Management of bullying in Northern Ireland schools: a pre-legislative survey’ in Educational Research, 50, (1), 2008, pp 9 - 23
Educational Research 50 1
Unlike the rest of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland has only recently (2003) implemented legislation regarding the requirement for anti-bullying policies in the Provinces school system.
To ascertain the nature of the management of bully/victim problems across Northern Irelands schools prior to the enactment of legislation.
From an exhaustive sampling frame of all 1,329 schools in Northern Ireland (96 nursery, 910 primary, 167 secondary, 73 grammar, 54 special, 29 further education), a total of 285 schools replied to a questionnaire (20 nursery, 181 primary, 41 secondary, 26 grammar, 13 special, 3 further education, 1 non-specified), a return rate of 23.11%.
DESIGN AND METHODS
A review of the literature and consultation with educational experts in Northern Ireland resulted in the development of an ‘audit’ questionnaire designed to examine i) dissemination and implementation (or not) of Department of Education, or bespoke, discipline and anti-bullying policies, ii) components of anti-bullying programs, iii) communication of anti-bullying policies to the school community, iv) staff training, v) reporting and management of claims of staff victimisation, vi) sanctions against bullies, and vii) homophobic bullying.
It was found that, in a legislative vacuum, the schools in Northern Ireland had been acting in a proactive manner regarding the management of such bully/victim problems (eg., development and implementation of policies, effective communication strategies).
These results provide a baseline from which the efficacy of subsequent legislation in Northern Ireland can be evaluated. Utilisation of the methodology adopted in this study would be beneficial in other jurisdictions in evaluations of knowledge, attitudes, and management of bully/victim problems, either pre- or post-implementation of legislation.
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