The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Stylianou E, O'Neill LA, Rawlinson L, Edbrooke MR, Woo P, Saklatvala J. ‘Interleukin 1 induces NF-kappa B through its type I but not its type II receptor in lymphocytes’ in Journla of Biological Chemistry, 267, (22), 1992, pp 15836 - 15841
Journla of Biological Chemistry 267 22
It is not known whether one or both of the interleukin 1 (IL1) receptors mediates the induction of the DNA-binding protein NF-kappa B. Nuclear extracts of the murine lines EL4.NOB.1 and 70Z/3, which bear the type I (80 kDa) and type II (67 kDa) IL1 receptor, respectively, were analyzed by an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. A 265-base pair sequence of the human serum amyloid A gene or a synthetic oligonucleotide each containing the NF-kappa B site were used as the DNA probes. IL1 induction of NF-kappa B was rapid (optimal at 15-30 min) and transient in both cell types. The IL1 receptor antagonist (IL1ra), which binds strongly to the type I receptor, inhibited the NF-kappa B response in both cell lines. IL1ra did not bind to the type II receptor on 70Z/3 cells as judged by competition for binding with 125I-IL1 alpha. When 125I-IL1ra binding to 70Z/3 cells was measured, a small number (10/cell) of high affinity sites (Kd = 5 x 10(-12) M) were detected. These were likely to have been type I receptor because an antibody to this inhibited the NF-kappa B induction in 70Z/3 cells (as well as EL4). Potential signal transduction mechanisms involving protein kinase C or oxygen radicals were studied. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induced NF-kappa B with a similar time course to IL1 in 70Z/3 but only after 4 h in EL4.IL1 was unaffected by a protein kinase C inhibitor (staurosporine). H2O2 did not mimic IL1, and IL1 was not inhibited by an antioxidant. The type I receptor mediates the induction of NF-kappa B in response to IL1 via a signaling mechanism that still remains to be identified.
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