McGettrick, A, Brint EK, Palsson-McDermott, EM, Rowe, DC, Golenbock, DT, Gay NJ, Fitzgerald, KA and O’Neill LA ‘Trif-related adapter molecule is phosphorylated by protein kinase C epsilon during Toll-like receptor 4 signalling’ in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103, (24), 2006, pp 9196 - 9201
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 24
PKCε has been shown to play a key role in the effect of the Gram-negative bacterial product LPS; however, the target for PKCε in LPS signaling is unknown. LPS signaling is mediated by Toll-like receptor 4, which uses four adapter proteins, MyD88, MyD88 adapter-like (Mal), Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adapter inducing IFN-β (Trif), and Trif-related adapter molecule (TRAM). Here we show that TRAM is transiently phosphorylated by PKCε on serine-16 in an LPS-dependent manner. Activation of IFN regulatory factor 3 and induction of the chemokine RANTES, which are both TRAM-dependent, were attenuated in PKCε-deficient cells. TRAMS16A is inactive when overexpressed and is attenuated in its ability to reconstitute signaling in TRAM-deficient cells. We have therefore uncovered a key process in Toll-like receptor 4 signaling, identifying TRAM as the target for PKCε.
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