S. Krishnamurthy, C. McGuinness, L. S. Dorneles, M. Venkatesan, J. M. D. Coey, J. G. Lunney, C. H. Patterson, K. E. Smith, T. Learmonth, P.A. Glans, T. Schmitt, J.-H. Guo 'Soft x-ray spectroscopic investigation of ferromagnetic Co-doped ZnO' in Journal of Applied Physics, 99, 08M111, 2006, pp 1 - 3
Journal of Applied Physics 99 08M11
The electronic properties of cobalt-doped ZnO were investigated through site-selective and
element-sensitive x-ray-absorption spectroscopy in the vicinity of the Co L2,3 edge, the oxygen K
edge, and at the Zn L3 edge. The spectroscopic measurements of the ferromagnetic cobalt-doped
ZnO films appear to have additional components in the O K edge x-ray-absorption spectrum not
observed in the undoped films. The observed features may derive from both hybridization with
unoccupied Co 3d states and also from lattice defects such as oxygen vacancies. Only minor
changes in the Zn L3 edge spectra were observed. These observations are consistent with a polaron
percolation model in which the ferromagnetic coupling is mediated by shallow donor electrons
trapped in oxygen vacancies and couples the Co atoms substituted on Zn sites in the hexagonal
wurtzite ZnO structure.
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