M. Venkatesan, C. B. Fitzgerald, J. G. Lunney and J. M. D. Coey 'Anisotropic ferromagnetism in substituted zinc oxide' in Physical Review Letters, 93, (17), 2004, pp 177206-1 - 177206-4
Physical Review Letters 93 17
The high-temperature ferromagnetism in doped zinc oxide films was discussed. A connection between the electronic structure of (Zn 1-xMx)O and its ferromagnetic properties was found. A new source of magnetism in these oxides, namely, triplet states associated with two-electron defects was found. It was found that magnetic moments are related with two-electron defects in the films as well as unpaired electrons of the 3d ions.
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