W. T. Coffey, Y. P. Kalmykov, S. Titov and J. K. Vij, ‘Fractional rotational diffusion of rigid dipoles in an asymmetric double-well potential’ in Physical Review E, 72, 1, (2005), p. 011103
Physical Review E 72 1
The longitudinal and transverse components of the complex dielectric susceptibility tensor of an assembly of dipolar molecules rotating in an asymmetric double-well potential are evaluated using a fractional rotational diffusion equation (based on the diffusion limit of a fractal time random walk) for the distribution function of orientations of the molecules on the surface of the unit sphere. The calculation is the fractional analog of the Debye theory of orientational relaxation in the presence of external and mean field potentials (excluding inertial effects). Exact and approximate (based on the exponential separation for normal diffusion of the time scales of the intrawell and overbarrier relaxation processes associated with the bistable potential) solutions for the dielectric dispersion and absorption spectra are obtained. It is shown that a knowledge of the characteristic relaxation times for normal rotational diffusion is sufficient to predict accurately the anomalous dielectric relaxation behavior of the system for all time scales of interest. The model explains the anomalous (Cole-Cole-like) relaxation of complex dipolar systems, where the anomalous exponent differs from unity (corresponding to the normal dielectric relaxation), i.e., the relaxation process is characterized by a broad distribution of relaxation times (e.g., in glass-forming liquids)
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