transport systems - Europe transport network - Europe UNITE Project
Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
M. O'Mahony, H. Link, L. Stewart-Ladewig and P. Bickel, Environmental and social transport costs: a case study of Ireland: [in proceedings of the] 84th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 9th-13th, 2005, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2005, pp[1-23]
The aim of the EU funded UNITE research project was to provide information about the
costs, benefits and revenues of all transport modes including environmental and social costs.
The project involved compiling accounts for 18 countries across Europe with each country
having its own set of accounts in such a format that comparisons, where possible, could be
made. The paper focuses on the latter two sets of costs i.e. environmental and social for
Ireland. The account presented here is a pilot account (rather than an ideal account) i.e. the
actual, feasible accounts given the available data. The costs are reported and documented at
the current level of transport demand for the reference year 1998 but data for 1996 and
projections for 2005 are also included where data and historical trends allow. The paper
concludes with some comparisons between transport costs in Ireland and some of the other
European countries examined in the UNITE project. The accident costs in Ireland
(€50/capita) lower than those for Denmark (€120/capita), Netherlands (€80/capita) and about
the same as Spain (€50/capita), are considerably less than those in Austria (€160/capita) and
larger than those of France (€20/capita) and the UK (€25). Noise costs are €100/capita and
are close to those of France, Spain and the UK. They are higher than those of Netherlands
(€20/capita) and Austria (€40/capita).
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