Trinity College Dublin, Department of Computer Science
Keane, Mark T. 'Adaptation as a Selection Constraint On Analogical Mapping'. - Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Computer Science, TCD-CS-93-28, 1993, pp6
Computer Science Technical Report TCD-CS-93-28
In any given analogy, there are potentially a large number of
possible mapping interpretations. One of the key issues in
analogy research is how one of these mappings comes to be
selected as optimal and used as the basis for the analogical
comparison. It is well-established that structural factors,
notably systematicity, can act as selection constraints on
mapping. The present work tests to see if pragmatic and
adaptation factors can also act as selection constraints on
mapping. The selection of a mapping based on pragmatic
factors proposes that people can exploit the higher-order,
schematic structure of a domain to select one mapping over
another. With respect to adaptation factors, the proposal is
that a mapping will be selected if it is evaluated as being
easily adapted relative to other competing mappings. Both of
these predictions are tested in a novel, problem solving
paradigm. The main finding is that adaptation factors do act
as a selection constraint but that pragmatic factors do not.
The implications of these results for computational models
of analogy are discussed.
Also in A. Ram & K. Eiselt (1994)(Eds.), Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
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