Trinity College Dublin, Department of Computer Science
Keane, Mark T.. 'Constraints on Analogical Mapping: A Comparison of Three Models'. - Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Computer Science, TCD-CS-93-24, 1993, pp89
Computer Science Technical Report TCD-CS-93-24
Three theories of analogy have been proposed which are supported by
computational models and data from experiments on human analogical abilities. In
this paper, we show how these theories can be unified within a common metatheoretical
framework which distinguishes between levels of informational,
behavioural and hardware constraints. This framework makes clear the
distinctions between three computational models in the literature (the Analogical
Constraint Mapping Engine, the Structure-Mapping Engine and the Incremental
Analogy Machine) . The paper then goes on to develop a methodology for the
comparative testing of these models. In two different manipulations of an
analogical-mapping task we compare the results of computational experiments with
these models against the results of psychological experiments. In the first
experiment, we show that increasing the number of similar elements in two
analogical domains, decreases the response time taken to reach the correct mapping
for an analogy problem. In the second psychological experiment we find that the
order in which the elements of the two domains are presented has significant
facilitative effects on the ease of analogical mapping. Only one of the three models,
that model which embodies behavioural constraints, the Incremental Analogy
Machine, predicts both of these results. Finally, the immediate implications of
these results for analogy research are discussed, along with the wider implications
the research has for cognitive science methodology.
Substantial revision of TCD-CS-92-08; Also to appear in Cognitive Science
Please note: There is a known bug in some browsers that causes an
error when a user tries to view large pdf file within the browser window.
If you receive the message "The file is damaged and could not be
repaired", please try one of the solutions linked below based on the
browser you are using.
Items in TARA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.