Trinity College Dublin, Department of Computer Science
Keane, Mark T. 'Transfer Between Analogies: How Solving One Analogy Problem Helps to Solve Another'. - Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Computer Science, TCD-CS-95-07, 1995, pp26
Computer Science Technical Report TCD-CS-95-07
This paper deals with transfer between analogies; with what people acquire from one
analogy problem-solving episode that can be re-applied to a subsequent analogy,
problem-solving episode. This issue must be resolved if we are to understand the
nature of expertise and the appropriate use of analogy in education. There are two main
explanations of what subjects acquire from an analogy problem-solving episode. The
schema-induction hypothesis maintains that subjects acquire an abstract schema of the
analogous domains, that can be re-applied to a subsequent situation. The predicatemapping
hypothesis asserts that subjects acquire a set of predicate-mappings than can
be re-used in a later situation. While there is empirical evidence to support each of
these hypotheses, no critical test between them has been carried out. Furthermore, no
previous research has examined transfer between analogies; that is, transfer between
two distinct, analogy problem-solving episodes. The present study uses a novel
paradigm to test transfer between analogies in a manner that constitutes a critical test of
the above two hypotheses, using attribute-mapping and relational-mapping problems.
The results support the schema-induction account.
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