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dc.contributor.authorBrady, Gareth
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-13T15:59:19Z
dc.date.available2021-05-13T15:59:19Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.date.submitted2015en
dc.identifier.citationBrady G, Hass DA, Pichlmair A, Farrell PJ, and Bowie AG., Human Poxvirus protein MC132 from Molluscum Contagiosum Virus inhibits NFκB activation by targeting p65 for degradation., Journal of Virology, 89, 2015, 8406-15en
dc.identifier.issn‎0022-538X
dc.identifier.otherY
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2262/96286
dc.description.abstractMolluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) is unique in being the only known extant, human-adapted poxvirus, yet to date, it is very poorly characterized in terms of host-pathogen interactions. MCV causes persistent skin lesions filled with live virus, but these are generally immunologically silent, suggesting the presence of potent inhibitors of human antiviral immunity and inflammation. Fewer than five MCV immunomodulatory genes have been characterized in detail, but it is likely that many more remain to be discovered given the density of such sequences in all well-characterized poxviruses. Following virus infection, NF-κB activation occurs in response to both pattern recognition receptor (PRR) signaling and cellular activation by virus-elicited proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF). As such, NF-κB activation is required for virus detection, antiviral signaling, inflammation, and clearance of viral infection. Hence, we screened a library of MCV genes for effects on TNF-stimulated NF-κB activation. This revealed MC132, a unique protein with no orthologs in other poxviral genomes, as a novel inhibitor of NF-κB. Interestingly, MC132 also inhibited PRR- and virus-activated NF-κB, since MC132 interacted with the NF-κB subunit p65 and caused p65 degradation. Unbiased affinity purification to identify host targets of MC132 revealed that MC132 acted by targeting NF-κB p65 for ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation by recruiting p65 to a host Cullin-5/Elongin B/Elongin C complex. These data reveal a novel mechanism for poxviral inhibition of human innate immunity and further clarify how the human-adapted poxvirus MCV can so effectively evade antiviral immunity to persist in skin lesions.en
dc.format.extent8406-15en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Virology;
dc.relation.ispartofseries89;
dc.rightsYen
dc.subjectMolluscum contagiosum virus (MCV)en
dc.subjectMCV immunomodulatory genesen
dc.subjectskin lesionsen
dc.subject.lcshMolluscum contagiosum virus (MCV)en
dc.subject.lcshMCV immunomodulatory genesen
dc.subject.lcshskin lesionsen
dc.titleHuman Poxvirus protein MC132 from Molluscum Contagiosum Virus inhibits NF-κB activation by targeting p65 for degradation.en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorScience Foundation Ireland (SFI)en
dc.type.supercollectionscholarly_publicationsen
dc.type.supercollectionrefereed_publicationsen
dc.identifier.peoplefinderurlhttp://people.tcd.ie/bradyg1
dc.identifier.rssinternalid184248
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00799-15
dc.rights.ecaccessrightsopenAccess
dc.contributor.sponsorGrantNumberSFI 11/PI/1056en
dc.subject.TCDThemeImmunology, Inflammation & Infectionen
dc.identifier.orcid_id0000-0001-5376-0060
dc.status.accessibleNen


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