Organic Electrochemical Transistors (OECTs) Toward Flexible and Wearable Bioelectronics
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Marquez, Ariana Villarroel, McEvoy, Niall, Pakdel, Amir, Organic Electrochemical Transistors (OECTs) Toward Flexible and Wearable Bioelectronics, Molecules, 25, 22, 2020, 5288
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Organic electronics have emerged as a fascinating area of research and technology in the past two decades and are anticipated to replace classic inorganic semiconductors in many applications. Research on organic light-emitting diodes, organic photovoltaics, and organic thin-film transistors is already in an advanced stage, and the derived devices are commercially available. A more recent case is the organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs), whose core component is a conductive polymer in contact with ions and solvent molecules of an electrolyte, thus allowing it to simultaneously regulate electron and ion transport. OECTs are very effective in ion-to-electron transduction and sensor signal amplification. The use of synthetically tunable, biocompatible, and depositable organic materials in OECTs makes them specially interesting for biological applications and printable devices. In this review, we provide an overview of the history of OECTs, their physical characterization, and their operation mechanism. We analyze OECT performance improvements obtained by geometry design and active material selection (i.e., conductive polymers and small molecules) and conclude with their broad range of applications from biological sensors to wearable devices.
Author: Pakdel, Amir
Type of material:Journal Article
Availability:Full text available