The Role of Macrophages in the Infarcted Myocardium: Orchestrators of ECM Remodeling.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:O'Rourke SA, Dunne A, Monaghan MG., The Role of Macrophages in the Infarcted Myocardium: Orchestrators of ECM Remodeling., Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine, 6, 2019, 101
O'Rourke_Final RevisionReview.pdf (Accepted for publication (author's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 519.0Kb
Myocardial infarction is the most common form of acute cardiac injury attributing to heart failure. While there have been significant advances in current therapies, mortality and morbidity remain high. Emphasis on inflammation and extracellular matrix remodeling as key pathological factors has brought to light new potential therapeutic targets including macrophages which are central players in the inflammatory response following myocardial infarction. Blood derived and tissue resident macrophages exhibit both a pro- and anti-inflammatory phenotype, essential for removing injured tissue and facilitating repair, respectively. Sustained activation of pro-inflammatory macrophages evokes extensive remodeling of cardiac tissue through secretion of matrix proteases and activation of myofibroblasts. As the heart continues to employ methods of remodeling and repair, a destructive cycle prevails ultimately leading to deterioration of cardiac function and heart failure. This review summarizes not only the traditionally accepted role of macrophages in the heart but also recent advances that have deepened our understanding and appreciation of this dynamic cell. We discuss the role of macrophages in normal and maladaptive matrix remodeling, as well as studies to date which have aimed to target the inflammatory response in combatting excessive matrix deposition and subsequent heart failure.
Author: Monaghan, Michael
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine
Availability:Full text available