Oxygen Electromigration and Energy Band Reconstruction Induced by Electrolyte Field Effect at Oxide Interfaces
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Zeng, S.W., Yin, X.M., Herng, T.S., Han, K., Huang, Z., Zhang, L.C., Li, C.J., Zhou, W.X., Wan, D.Y., Yang, P., Ding, J., Wee, A.T.S., Coey, J.M.D., Venkatesan, T., Rusydi, A. & Ariando, A., Oxygen Electromigration and Energy Band Reconstruction Induced by Electrolyte Field Effect at Oxide Interfaces, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 121, 2018, 146802
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Electrolyte gating is a powerful means for tuning the carrier density and exploring the resultant modulation of novel properties on solid surfaces. However, the mechanism, especially its effect on the oxygen migration and electrostatic charging at the oxide heterostructures, is still unclear. Here we explore the electrolyte gating on oxygen-deficient interfaces between SrTiO3 (STO) crystals and LaAlO3 (LAO) overlayer through the measurements of electrical transport, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, and photoluminescence spectra. We found that oxygen vacancies (Ovac) were filled selectively and irreversibly after gating due to oxygen electromigration at the amorphous LAO/STO interface, resulting in a reconstruction of its interfacial band structure. Because of the filling of Ovac, the amorphous interface also showed an enhanced electron mobility and quantum oscillation of the conductance. Further, the filling effect could be controlled by the degree of the crystallinity of the LAO overlayer by varying the growth temperatures. Our results reveal the different effects induced by electrolyte gating, providing further clues to understand the mechanism of electrolyte gating on buried interfaces and also opening a new avenue for constructing high-mobility oxide interfaces.
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
Author: Coey, John; Zeng, S.W.; Yin, X.M.; Herng, T.S.; Han, K.; Huang, Z.; Zhang, L.C.; Li, C.J.; Zhou, W.X.; Wan, D.Y.; Yang, P.; Ding, J.; Wee, A.T.S.; Venkatesan, T.; Rusydi, A.; Ariando, A.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS;
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:Electronic structure, Phase transitions, Surface and interfacial phenomena, Transport phenomena, Oxides, Strongly correlated systems, Thin films, Two-dimensional electron gas, Photoluminescence, Transport techniques, X-ray absorption spectroscopy