Improved detection of biomarkers in cervico-vaginal mucus (CVM) from postpartum cattle
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Adnane, M. and Kelly, P. and Chapwanya, A. and Meade, K.G. & O'Farrelly, C., Improved detection of biomarkers in cervico-vaginal mucus (CVM) from postpartum cattle, BMC Veterinary Research, 14, 1, 2018
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Background: In the postpartum cow, early diagnosis of uterine disease is currently problematic due to the lack of reliable, non-invasive diagnostic methods. Cervico-vaginal mucus (CVM) is an easy to collect potentially informative source of biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of uterine disease in cows. Here, we report an improved methodfor processing CVM from postpartum dairy cows for the measurement of immune biomarkers. CVM samples were collected from the vagina using gloved hand during the first two weeks postpartum and processed with buffer alone or buffer containing different concentrations of the reducing agents recommended in standard protocols: Dithiothriotol (DTT) or N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine (NAC). Total protein was measured using the bicinchoninic acid (BCA) assay; interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8 andα1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) were measured by ELISA. Results: We found that use of reducing agents to liquefy CVM affects protein yield and the accuracy of biomarker detection. Our improved protocol results in lower protein yields but improved detection of cytokines and chemokines. Using our modified method to measure AGP in CVM we found raised levels of AGP at seven days postpartum in CVM from cows that went on to develop endometritis. Conclusion: We conclude that processing CVM without reducing agents improves detection of biomarkers that reflectuterine health in cattle. We propose that measurement of AGP in CVM during the first week postpartum may identify cows at risk of developing clinical endometritis.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:BMC Veterinary Research;
Availability:Full text available