Enrichment of inflammatory IL-17 and TNF-α secreting CD4+ T cells within colorectal tumours despite the presence of elevated CD39+ T regulatory cells and increased expression of the immune checkpoint molecule, PD-1.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Dunne M, Ryan C, Tosetto M, Nolan B, Geraghty R, Winter DC, O'Connell R, Hyland J, Doherty GA, Sheahan K, Ryan EJ, Fletcher JM., Enrichment of inflammatory IL-17 and TNF-α secreting CD4+ T cells within colorectal tumours despite the presence of elevated CD39+ T regulatory cells and increased expression of the immune checkpoint molecule, PD-1., Frontiers in Oncology, 6, 2016, 50-
fonc-06-00050.pdf (PDF) 3.745Mb
T cell infiltration into colorectal tumors has been shown to correlate with improved patient outcomes. However, more detailed information on the makeup and relationships between the infiltrating T cell subsets is lacking. We therefore correlated the extent of immune infiltration into colorectal tumors with the frequencies of various T cell subsets. We prospectively recruited 22 patients at the time of surgical resection for colorectal cancer. The Klintrup–Mäkinen (KM) score was used to estimate the extent of immune infiltration into colorectal tumors. The frequencies of CD4 and CD8 T cells that produced cytokines or expressed the inhibitory molecule programed cell death 1 (PD-1) were determined by flow cytometry in colorectal tumor and matched uninvolved colonic tissue. In addition, the frequency of CD4 regulatory T cell (Treg) subsets was determined. An increased frequency of CD4 T cells producing IL-17 (Th17 cells) was observed in colorectal tumor tissue compared with adjacent uninvolved tissue. These Th17 cells mostly coproduced TNF-α, but not IFN-γ. IL-17 expression correlated positively with TNF-α and IL-10. Increased expression of the immune checkpoint molecule PD-1 was found in colorectal tumors compared with adjacent uninvolved tissue. There was a negative correlation between expression of PD-1 and IFN-γ, but not IL-17, for both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. CD4+CD25+CD127lo and CD4+CD25+CD127loFoxP3+CD39+ Treg cells were enriched in colorectal tumors. A positive correlation between KM score and percentage CD4+CD25+CD127lo Treg cells was observed in tumors, suggesting that increased immune infiltration is associated with an increased proportion of Treg cells. In addition, there was a negative correlation between the frequency of CD4+CD25+CD127lo Treg cells and the expression of IFN-γ and IL-2, but not IL-17, in tumors. Taken together, these data suggest that both PD-1 expressing T cells and Treg cells within the tumor may have a suppressive effect on T cells secreting IFN-γ, IL-2, or TNF-α, but not Th17 cells.
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
Author: Fletcher, Jean
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Frontiers in Oncology
Availability:Full text available