EUV and X-ray spectroscopy of the active sun
Citation:Claire L. Raftery, 'EUV and X-ray spectroscopy of the active sun', [thesis], Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Physics, 2010, pp 229
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This thesis strives to improve our understanding of solar activity, specifically the behaviour of solar flares and coronal mass ejections. An investigation into the hydrodynamic evolution of a confined solar are was carried out using RHESSI, CDS, GOES and TRACE. Evidence for pre-are heating, explosive and gentle chromospheric evaporation and loop draining were observed in the data. The observations were compared to a 0-D hydrodynamic model, EBTEL, to aid interpretation. This led to the conclusion that the flare was not heated purely by non-thermal beam heating as previously believed, but also required direct heating of the plasma. An observational investigation in to the initiation mechanism of a coronal mass ejection and eruptive are was then carried out, again utilising observations from a wide range of spacecraft: MESSENGER/SAX, RHESSI, EUVI, Cor1 and Cor2. Observations provided evidence of CME triggering by internal tether-cutting and not by breakout reconnection. A comparison of the confined and eruptive flares suggests that while they have different characteristics, timescales and topologies, these two phenomena are the result of the same fundamental processes. Finally, an investigation into the sensitivity of EUV imaging telescopes was carried out. This study established a new technique for calculating the sensitivity of EUV imagers to plasmas of different temperatures for four different types of plasma: coronal hole, quiet sun, active region and solar are. This was carried out for six instruments: Proba-2/SWAP, TRACE, SOHO/EIT, STEREO A/EUVI, STEREO B/EUVI and SDO/AIA. The importance of considering the multi-thermal nature of these instruments was then put into the context of investigating explosive solar activity.
Author: Raftery, Claire L.
Advisor:Gallagher, Peter T.
Publisher:Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Physics
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Type of material:thesis
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