Evidence for model-based computations in the human amygdala during Pavlovian conditioning.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Prévost C, McNamee D, Jessup RK, Bossaerts P, O'Doherty JP, Evidence for model-based computations in the human amygdala during Pavlovian conditioning., PLoS computational biology, 9, 2, 2013, e1002918
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Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been widely explored as potential technologies for information systems and medical applications. The impact of SWCNTs on human health is of prime concern, if SWCNTs have a future in the manufacturing industry. This study proposes a novel, inflammation-independent paradigm of toxicity for SWCNTs, identifying the protein citrullination process as early-stage indicator of inflammatory responses of macrophages (THP-1) and of subtle phenotypic damages of lung epithelial (A549) cells following exposure to chemically-treated SWCNTs. Our results showed that, while most of the cellular responses of A549 cells exposed to SWCNTs are different to those of similarly treated THP-1 cells, the protein citrullination process is triggered in a dose- and time-dependent manner in both cell lines, with thresholds comparable between inflammatory (THP-1) and non-inflammatory (A549) cell types. The cellular mechanism proposed herein could have a high impact in predicting the current risk associated with environmental exposure to SWCNTs.
Author: O'DOHERTY, JOHN
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:PLoS computational biology
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)