Recruitment of the left hemispheric emotional attention neural network in risk for and protection from depression.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Lisiecka DM, Carballedo A, Fagan AJ, Ferguson Y, Meaney J, Frodl T, Recruitment of the left hemispheric emotional attention neural network in risk for and protection from depression., Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN, 38, 2, 2013, 117-28
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BACKGROUND: Family history of major depressive disorder (MDD) increases individuals' vulnerability to depression and alters the way depression manifests itself. Emotion processing and attention shifting are functions altered by MDD and family history of the disease; therefore, it is important to recognize the neural correlates of these functions in association with both factors. METHODS: Our study determines neural correlates of emotion processing and attention shifting for healthy individuals and patients with MDD with and without family history of depression. We compared the performance and neural activity in a functional magnetic resonance imaging experiment examining emotion processing and attention shifting in all participants. RESULTS: Our sample included 4 study groups: healthy controls without family history of depression (n = 25), patients with MDD without family history of the disease (n = 20), unaffected healthy first-degree relatives of patients with MDD (n = 21) and patients with MDD with family history of MDD (n = 30). Compared with healthy controls, unaffected first-degree relatives overactivate the somatosensory cortex and the attention controlling areas during both emotion processing and attention shifting. Patients with family history of MDD have stronger neural activation in subcortical areas during shifting attention from negative stimuli. Patients without family history of MDD have less activation in the paralimbic regions and more activation in core limbic areas, especially during emotion processing. LIMITATIONS: The conclusions about the intergroup differences in activation can be drawn only about neural areas engaged in the task. CONCLUSION: Unaffected first-degree relatives of patients with MDD overreact to external emotional cues and compensate for the vulnerability with increased involvement of executive control. Patients with a family history of MDD have less executive control over their attentional shifts in the face of negative stimuli. Patients without a family history of MDD process emotional stimuli in a more visceral way than controls.
Author: FRODL, THOMAS
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:major depressive disorder