An evaluation of a working memory training scheme in older adults.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:McAvinue LP, Golemme M, Castorina M, Tatti E, Pigni FM, Salomone S, Brennan S, Robertson IH, An evaluation of a working memory training scheme in older adults., Frontiers in aging neuroscience, 5, 2013, 20
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Working memory is a cognitive process that is particularly vulnerable to decline with age. The current study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a working memory training scheme in improving memory in a group of older adults. A 5-week online training scheme was designed to provide training in the main components of Baddeley's (2000) working memory model, namely auditory and visuospatial short-term and working memory. A group of older adults aged between 64 and 79 were randomly assigned to a trainee (n = 19) or control (n = 17) group, with trainees engaging in the adaptive training scheme and controls engaging in a non-adaptive version of the program. Before and after training and at 3- and 6-month follow-up sessions, trainees and controls were asked to complete measures of short-term and working memory, long-term episodic memory, subjective ratings of memory, and attention and achievement of goals set at the beginning of training. The results provided evidence of an expansion of auditory short-term memory span, which was maintained 6 months later, and transfer to long-term episodic memory but no evidence of improvement in working memory capacity per se. A serendipitous and intriguing finding of a relationship between time spent training, psychological stress, and training gains provided further insight into individual differences in training gains in older adults.
Author: ROBERTSON, IAN
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Frontiers in aging neuroscience
Availability:Full text available