Harnessing the antibacterial and immunological properties of mucosal-associated invariant T cells in the development of novel oral vaccines against enteric infections.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Abautret-Daly AE, Davitt CJ, Lavelle EC, Harnessing the antibacterial and immunological properties of mucosal-associated invariant T cells in the development of novel oral vaccines against enteric infections., Biochemical pharmacology, 92, 2, 2014, 173-83
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Enteric infections are a major cause of mortality and morbidity with significant social and economic implications worldwide and particularly in developing countries. An attractive approach to minimizing the impact of these diseases is via the development of oral vaccination strategies. However, oral vaccination is challenging due to the tolerogenic and hyporesponsive nature of antigen presenting cells resident in the gastrointestinal tract. The inclusion of adjuvants in oral vaccine formulations has the potential to overcome this challenge. To date no oral adjuvants have been licenced for human use and thus oral adjuvant discovery remains a key goal in improving the potential for oral vaccine development. Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a recently discovered population of unconventional T cells characterized by an evolutionarily conserved αβ T cell receptor (TCR) that recognizes antigens presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related (MR1) molecule. MAIT cells are selected intra-thymically by MR1 expressing double positive thymocytes and enter the circulation with a naïve phenotype. In the circulation they develop a memory phenotype and are programmed to home to mucosal tissues and the liver. Once resident in these tissues, MAIT cells respond to bacterial and yeast infections through the production of chemokines and cytokines that aid in the induction of an adaptive immune response. Their abundance in the gastrointestinal tract and ability to promote adaptive immunity suggests that MAIT cell activators may represent attractive novel adjuvants for use in oral vaccination.
Author: LAVELLE, EDWARD
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Biochemical pharmacology
Availability:Full text available