A review of interventions aimed at reducing pre-hospital delay time in acute coronary syndrome: what has worked and why?
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Mary Mooney, McKee Gabrielle, Fealy Gerard., O'Brien Frances., O'Donnell Sharon.,Moser Debra, A review of interventions aimed at reducing pre-hospital delay time in acute coronary syndrome: what has worked and why?, European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 11, 4, 2012, 445 - 453
EJCN_487- final proof.pdf (Published (author's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 421.4Kb
Abstract BACKGROUND: Delay in seeking treatment for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) symptoms is a well recognised problem. While the factors that influence pre-hospital delay have been well researched, to date this information alone has been insufficient in altering delay behaviour. AIM: This paper reports the results of a critical appraisal of previously tested interventions designed to reduce pre-hospital delay in seeking treatment for ACS symptoms. METHODS: The search was confined to interventions published between 1986 and the present that were written in English and aimed at reducing pre-hospital delay time. The following databases were searched using keywords: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Pubmed, Academic Search Premier, Ovid, Cochrane, British Nursing Index, and Google Scholar. A total of eight intervention studies were identified as relevant. This review was developed following a systematic comparative analysis of those eight studies. RESULTS: Seven of the eight interventions were based on mass media campaigns. One campaign was targeted at individuals. All were aimed at raising ACS symptom awareness and/or increasing prompt action in the presence of symptoms. Only two studies reported a statistically significant reduction in pre-hospital delay time. CONCLUSION: In response to concerns about prolonged pre-hospital delay time in ACS, interventions targeting the problem have been developed. The literature indicates that responses to symptoms depend on a variety of factors. In light of this, interventions should include the scope of factors that can potentially influence pre-hospital delay time and ideally target those who are at greatest risk of an ACS event.
Health Research Board (HRB)
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Availability:Full text available