Lessons of ALS imaging: Pitfalls and future directions - A critical review
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Bede, Peter Hardiman, Orla, Lessons of ALS imaging: Pitfalls and future directions A critical review, NeuroImage: Clinical, 4, 2014, 436 - 443
Bede--Lessons of ALS imagi.pdf (Accepted for publication (author's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 426.8Kb
Background: While neuroimaging in ALS has gained unprecedented momentum in recent years, little progress has been made in the development of viable diagnostic, prognostic and monitoring markers. Objectives: To identify and discuss the common pitfalls in ALS imaging studies, and to reflect on optimal study designs based on pioneering studies. Methods: A ?PubMed?-based literature search was performed in ALS based on neuroimaging-related keywords. Study limitations were systematically reviewed and classified so that stereotypical trends could be identified. Results: Common shortcomings, such as relatively small sample sizes, statistically underpowered study designs, lack of disease controls, poorly characterized patient cohorts and a large number of conflicting studies remain a significant challenge to the field. Imaging data of ALS continue to be interpreted at a group-level, as opposed to meaningful individual-patient inferences. Conclusions: A systematic, critical review of ALS imaging has identified stereotypical shortcomings, the lessons of which should be considered in the design of future prospective MRI studies. At a time when large multicentre studies are underway a candid discussion of these factors is particularly timely.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:NeuroImage: Clinical
Availability:Full text available