Recent insights into the role of Toll-like receptors in viral infection.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Carty M, Bowie AG, Recent insights into the role of Toll-like receptors in viral infection., Clinical and experimental immunology, 161, 3, 2010, 397-406
CartyBowie author version.pdf (Published (author's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 3.081Mb
Toll-like receptors have a central role in innate immunity as they detect conserved pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) on a range of microbes including viruses, leading to innate immune activation and orchestration of the adaptive immune response. To date a large number of viruses have been shown to trigger innate immunity via TLRs suggesting that these receptors are likely to be important in the outcome to viral infection. This suggestion is supported by the observation that many viruses have evolved mechanisms not only to evade the innate immune system but also to subvert it for the benefit of the virus. In this review we will discuss earlier evidence, mainly from knockout mice studies, implicating TLRs in the innate immune response to viruses, in light of more recent clinical data demonstrating that TLRs are important for anti-viral immunity in humans.
Author: BOWIE, ANDREW
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Clinical and experimental immunology
Availability:Full text available