Hydrostatic pressure acts to stabilise a chondrogenic phenotype in porcine joint tissue derived stem cells.
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Vinardell T, Rolfe RA, Buckley CT, Meyer EG, Ahearne M, Murphy P, Kelly DJ, Hydrostatic pressure acts to stabilise a chondrogenic phenotype in porcine joint tissue derived stem cells., European Cells & Materials, 23, 2012, 121-134
HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE.pdf (Published (publisher's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 568.4Kb
Hydrostatic pressure (HP) is a key component of the in vivo joint environment and has been shown to enhance chondrogenesis of stem cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the interaction between HP and TGF-?3 on both the initiation and maintenance of a chondrogenic phenotype for joint tissue derived stem cells. Pellets generated from porcine chondrocytes (CCs), synovial membrane derived stem cells (SDSCs) and infrapatellar fat pad derived stem cells (FPSCs) were subjected to 10 MPa of cyclic HP (4 h/day) and different concentrations of TGF-?3 (0, 1 and 10 ng/mL) for 14 days. CCs and stem cells were observed to respond differentially to both HP and TGF-?3 stimulation. HP in the absence of TGF-?3 did not induce robust chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells. At low concentrations of TGF-?3 (1 ng/mL), HP acted to enhance chondrogenesis of both SDSCs and FPSCs, as evident by a 3-fold increase in Sox9 expression and a signifi cant increase in glycosaminoglycan accumulation. In contrast, HP had no effect on cartilage-specifi c matrix synthesis at higher concentrations of TGF-?3 (10 ng/mL).
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:European Cells & Materials
Availability:Full text available