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dc.contributor.authorWHELAN, ROBERTen
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-05T14:12:17Z
dc.date.available2011-10-05T14:12:17Z
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.date.submitted2011en
dc.identifier.citationSimon Dymond, Michael W Schlund, Bryan Roche, Robert Whelan, Jennifer Richards, Cara Davies, Inferred Threat and Safety: Symbolic Generalization of Human Avoidance Learning, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49, 10, 2011, 614 - 621en
dc.identifier.otherYen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2262/59844
dc.descriptionPUBLISHEDen
dc.description.abstractSymbolic generalization of avoidance may underlie the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate inferred threat-avoidance and safety (non-avoidance) behaviours that occur in the presence of stimuli indirectly related to learned threat and safety cues. A laboratory experiment was conducted involving two symbolic stimulus equivalence relations consisting of three physically dissimilar stimuli (avoidance cues: AV1-AV2-AV3 and neutral cues: N1-N2-N3). During avoidance learning involving aversive images and sounds, a key-press avoidance response was trained for one member of one of the relations (AV2) and non-avoidance for another (N2). Inferred threat and safety behaviour and ratings of the likelihood of aversive events were tested with presentations of all remaining stimuli. Findings showed a significantly high percentage of avoidance to both the learned and inferred threat cues and less avoidance to both the learned and inferred safety cues. Ratings in the absence of avoidance were high during training and testing to threat cues and low to safety cues and lower in the presence of avoidance. Implications for associative and behavioural accounts of avoidance, and modern therapies for anxiety disorders are discussed.en
dc.format.extent614en
dc.format.extent621en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBehaviour Research and Therapyen
dc.relation.ispartofseries49en
dc.relation.ispartofseries10en
dc.rightsYen
dc.subjectPsychologyen
dc.subjectInferred Threat and Safetyen
dc.titleInferred Threat and Safety: Symbolic Generalization of Human Avoidance Learningen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.type.supercollectionscholarly_publicationsen
dc.type.supercollectionrefereed_publicationsen
dc.identifier.peoplefinderurlhttp://people.tcd.ie/whelanr3en
dc.identifier.rssinternalid73927en
dc.subject.TCDThemeNext Generation Medical Devicesen
dc.identifier.rssurihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2011.06.007en
dc.identifier.orcid_id0000-0002-2790-7281en


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