Altered Brain Activation During a Verbal Working Memory Task in Subjects with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment.
Citation:Bokde ALW, Karmann M, Born C, Teipel SJ, Omerovic M, Ewers M, Frodl T, Meisenzahl E, Reiser MF, Moeller HJ, Hampel H, Altered Brain Activation During a Verbal Working Memory Task in Subjects with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment., Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 21, 1, 2010, 103-118
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In subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) memory disorders indicate a high risk for conversion to Alzheimer?s disease (AD). The objective of this study was to delineate the differences in brain activation between amnestic MCI and age-matched healthy controls (HC) during a verbal working memory task. The verbal working memory task was a delay match to sample design. Brain activation was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging. There were 8 subjects in each group and were matched for performance. The task was analyzed as an event-related design. Group differences were calculated using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) with statistical significance at p < 0.05 corrected. Both groups activated a wide network in the posterior and frontal areas of the brain. There was higher activation in the parietal and frontal lobes in the MCI compared to the HC during the maintenance phase. There were no areas in the HC that activated higher than the MCI subjects. Response time in the task in the HC group was correlated to the left hippocampus during encoding phase and to the parietal and frontal areas during the recall phase. In the MCI group there was strong correlation to the inferior and middle temporal gyrii during encoding, the middle frontal gyrus during the maintenance phase, and hippocampus during recall phase. The activation differences between groups may be compensatory mechanisms within the MCI group for the effects of the putative AD neuropathology. This has been the first study that has examined verbal working memory in MCI.
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Availability:Full text available
Keywords:Psychiatry, Alzheimer's disease (AD), functional magnetic resonance imaging, object matching